Jack Russell Training

Jack Russell Training

Owning a dog can be rewarding and all dogs will need training, some breeds of dogs take longer to train than others. Jack Russell’s are a breed that do tend to take more training then others and are very intelligent so can begin their Jack Russell training at a very young age. Although this breed of dog is incredibly loyal they can be snappy and aggressive. You will need to ensure that you train them well and this will eliminate any problems you may be having.

You need to remember that your dog is from the terrier family which means it will have certain characteristics. Jack Russell’s are very stubborn and do have a temper which if controlled through Jack Russell training won’t ever be a problem. If your dog is introduced to children and other pets at a very young age then they will be very good with them but you have to ensure this is one of the first things you do with your dog.

You need to ensure that you only use positive discipline and training with your dog as they respond far better with this form of training. Although you do need to reinforce that you are the boss and that they must obey you, this must be done through a reward system. Every time you’re Jack Russell does something good ensure that you reward them so they understand this is the best way to behave. You must also try to not play rough with your Jack Russell as teaching them to fight for toys is not a good way to teach them right from wrong.

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Although your Jack Russell can be a challenge to train it will be very rewarding in the end, if you feel that you cannot cope at home then should enrol in a training course. Seek professional help as soon as you can as often dogs misbehave because they are not trained correctly. With the right Jack Russell training your dog will be a very good pet to have and as they are so intelligent they will pick things up easily. You will very quickly be able to move on to advanced training courses which will benefit everyone.

You need to develop a routine very early on with your Jack Russell as this will help them respond well to discipline in their daily lives. You have to ensure that you control when things happen in their life as this can help with their mood and energy levels. By ensuring that you’re Jack Russell has a daily routine you can guarantee they will know when and how to behave. You should ensure that your Jack Russell training is fun as well as informative you should take the time to play with your dog this will not only show that you are one of the pack but also their friend. It will give you the opportunity to bond with your dog and you will become very close. If you are both having fun whilst your dog is learning then they will be more willing to learn in the future.

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Jack Russell Barking

Jack Russell BarkingJack Russell terriers were bred as working dogs for use during fox hunts with continuous barking as the main form of identifying and holding back the quarry. As such, you will find that your Jack Russell is extremely vocal with his barking in addition to his innate intelligence, athletic ability and fearless disposition. You can say that a Jack Russell without its distinctive barking is just another mid-sized dog or another dog wanting to become a sub-type of the Basenji.

However, there are times when your Jack Russell barking can become extremely annoying to the ears so much so that even the neighbors are starting to complain. The barking just will not stop – from the early dawn to the middle of the night – without apparent reason for such a disturbance.

So, you want the Jack Russell to end the bad behavior of excessive barking and only bark when the occasion calls for it. In this case, we suggest first understanding the causes of the Jack Russell barking and then knowing how to stop it depending on the identified root cause. Think of it as getting to the root of the problem so that long-terms solutions can be found.

Causes of Jack Russell’s Barking

It must be emphasized that dogs use barking as one of their main forms of communication along with howling. Thus, your Jack Russell will bark for any number of reasons – being angry, being excited and being scared are just a few of the reasons for the behavior.

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More specifically, your Jack Russell barking can be due to the following reasons:

  • Claims on Territory
  • Raising the alarm
  • Seeking the attention of the master
  • Greeting humans or dogs
  • Expressing negative emotions
  • Giving in to compulsions
  • Expressing pain from an injury or illness

You cannot and should not stop your Jack Russell barking just as long as it is in the relatively normal range. Instead, you must train your dog to stop on its bad behavior of excessive barking.

Ways to Stop Excessive Barking

When your Jack Russell refuses to stop barking regardless of the things done to do so, we suggest determining if there is a valid reason behind the behavior. You don’t want your dog to stop barking when an intruder is nearby or when it has an illness that must be treated immediately.

But if the barking is without reason, which happens about 8 times out of 10, then you must stop it. Ask yourself the following questions to determine a pattern to the barking behavior:

  • At what times does the dog bark?
  • At what object or subject is the dg barking at?
  • What are the possible triggers, if any, to the barking?

There are certain times when you should not take negative action to stop the Jack Russell from barking, of which territorial barking is the most important. In fact, if you try to stop the territorial barking, other aggressive behaviors like growling and biting can result.

Instead, you should focus on finding ways in which territorial barking can stop. First and foremost, you should establish leadership as the alpha dog of the pack and, hence, you are in charge of protection. Second, you can install safety measures so that the territory is protected – opaque fences, blinds and even closed floor-level windows are just a few possibilities.

Then you have the case of a Jack Russell barking because of an illness or an injury. In fact, this is often the first cause of barking that you must look into. You should perform a preliminary examination of the dog from snout to tail so as to rule out any cuts, bumps and other signs of injury and illness. When in doubt, go to the vet for expert medical opinion.

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Also, the Jack Russell terrier breed requires high levels of stimulation in both the mental and physical aspects. Thus, your dog may be barking excessively as a way to entertain itself and, thus, ward off boredom.

In this case, we suggest giving more play time for your dog. Go out into the park, take daily walks, play catch and just generally provide your pet with exercise for its physical and mental stimulation. Soon, your dog will be a tired and, therefore, happy dog – no more unnecessary barking in the middle of the night.

For other causes of barking like compulsions, expressions of negative emotions and response to triggers, we recommend training with a clicker. A professional dog trainer will be able to help in this regard.

Indeed, stopping your Jack Russell barking excessively is possible. Learn more about Jack Russell Training on our homepage today.

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Jack Russell Terrier Training

Jack Russell Terrier TrainingJack Russell terrier training can simultaneously be a rewarding and frustrating experience.  On one hand, a Jack Russell is an innately intelligent dog that can follow instructions easily. The owner will then be able to develop a strong relationship with his dog.

On the other hand, its high energy level, natural inquisitiveness and dominant character can be a source of extreme frustration during training. When the commands are given weakly or when distractions are too much for the dog, the pace of training can be relatively slow.

With such double sides, owners are highly advised to apply the virtues of patience, perseverance and passion for training their Jack Russells.  Otherwise, the dog may very well find itself abandoned at the animal shelter or, worse, by the wayside.  Unfortunately, this is true for both experienced and inexperienced owners.

General Tips on Training

With that being said, here are a few tips regarding Jack Russell terrier training.  Keep in mind that the specifics of the training methods will vary from one Jack Russell to the next due to the factors of age, environment and individual personality.  And although Jack Russells are intelligent dogs, one must never assume that it is more intelligent than a human or than it actually is.  The reality is that its animal instincts will want it to be part of the pack and yet still be free to do its own thing.  In short, it is a delicate balancing act that an owner must tread when training a Jack Russell, or any other dog, for that matter.

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  • Begin training as early as possible preferably after getting the puppy home. In this way, the puppy has yet to develop the destructive behaviours that will make training at a later age so much more difficult.  We are talking of behaviours like barking, digging and biting, all of which are actually part of the natural traits required by Jack Russells as working breeds used for foxhunts but are considered destructive when done in an extreme manner.
  • Assert dominance early on.  As in the case of other dog breeds, Jack Russell terrier training involves the human becoming the alpha dog of the pack.  Otherwise, the pet will run circles around and run roughshod on the master.  In fact, owners should teach their Jack Russells to listen to the commands and follow it.  Doing so may just save their lives.
  • Use positive reinforcement in the sense that good behaviours are rewarded while bad actions are ignored.  Never yell at and use physical force at a Jack Russell as it only reinforces its latent aggressive instincts.
  • Provide opportunities for socialization but only under certain instances.  For example, obedience classes are excellent ways for a Jack Russell to socialize.  However, you must never leave two Jack Russells in one room so as to avoid leadership conflicts and you should never place adult and puppies together lest physical harm comes to the latter.

The most important part of Jack Russell terrier training is to be consistent. Dogs may appear smart especially a Jack Russell but their training depends largely on the environment in which the commands are given.  Consistency in the environment ensures that the Jack Russell knows that commands will be given no matter the circumstances in which the orders were provided to it.  Think of the way that parents discipline their hyperactive children – consistently, firmly and lovingly – and you will get the picture in Jack Russells.

Types of Training

Jack Russells are trained with techniques appropriate for their age, level of training previously acquired and the specific problem being addressed with the training.  Dog trainers recommend the following types of Jack Russell terrier training, which any owner can adapt in the home with competent instruction.

First, crate training addresses the dog’s need for a snug space that it can call its own and, thus, can provide for a measure of security and protection.  It is not designed to punish the Jack Russell, far from it.

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Second, leash training provides opportunities for the Jack Russell to be calm, controlled and composed even when distractions are present.  In the process, your pet can respond to the commands at the appropriate time especially when out for a walk.

Third, obedience training establishes the alpha dog position for the owner.  This is also the venue where the right kinds of commands and the right delivery will be taught to the owner by the trainer.

Indeed, Jack Russell terrier training may be frustrating at first but the rewards are well worth the sacrifices in the end.

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Jack Russell Jumping

Jack Russell JumpingThe Jack Russell jumping behaviour is a manifestation of its affectionate, energetic and excitable nature, which the owner must understand.  While it may appear charming to have the dog jumping up in greeting, the behaviour can be dangerous especially for small children and frail individuals.  Besides, there is also the hassle of always commanding the dog to get off the expensive couch.

Additionally, jumping on people is also a sign of aggression that must be curbed as early as possible before harm comes to either the human or the dog or both.  Since the jumping action can be transferred into jumping onto other dogs, a Jack Russell can often be in trouble particularly as the breed is known for being fearless.  After all, it was bred to hunt and flush foxes!

Contrary to popular opinion, training a Jack Russell to stop jumping up on people and on furniture can be made easy.  The secret is in knowing the right tricks and techniques for stopping the Jack Russell jumping behaviour.

Of course, we must emphasize that training the Jack Russell requires plenty of patience, positive reinforcement and perseverance.  Keep in mind that a dog’s instinct is to jump in excitement or aggression, which means that it is up to the owner to exercise the right kind of control as the alpha dog of the pack.  Clear, consistent and firm commands are the key to success when training a Jack Russell terrier, be it in jumping, barking or biting.

Ignore the Dog

The first rule in Jack Russell jumping training is to use positive reinforcement.  As experienced dog owners know, it means ignoring the bad behaviour while praising the good actions.  It must be noted that most bad behaviour is rooted in the canine’s need for attention from its owner.  Now, if you will provide the attention even when bad behaviour is being exhibited, your Jack Russell pet will associate bad behaviour with the reward of being attended to, even if it means being punished.

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Instead, we recommend ignoring your Jack Russell when it wants to jump up, do the canine equivalent of the tango, and lick any available space on the face.  An effective way to do so is to turn your back to the dog on the first instance of its jumping behaviour, ignore it and then walk away.  There should be no eye contact, no touching on any part and no words spoken.

You may also prevent the Jack Russell jumping behaviour by moving down to its eye level.  Kneel down, seek eye contact with the dog and say reassuring words.  But remember to still be higher than the dog so as to still establish you’re alpha dog position.

Variation in Rewards

When your Jack Russell does not jump up on furniture and on people, modest praises must be provided.  Remember the principle of positive reinforcement at any point of the training – reward for good, ignore for bad.

The emphasis is on modest rewards as you don’t want the Jack Russell to associate good behaviour with profuse rewards and then expect it always either.  Your pet can become overexcited with the possibility of the reward coming its way and, thus, revert to its jumping behaviour.

Instead, when good results are gained during the Jack Russell jumping training, simple rewards like a pat on the head coupled with words like “Good boy” are sufficient for the purpose.  The dog treats should still be given as just that – special treats, not constant rewards for good behaviour.

Issue the Appropriate Command

Of course, the appropriate commands must also be issued by the alpha dog in the pack – you.  Don’t get frustrated when your Jack Russell cannot follow the commands at first simply because it is normal.  When you give these commands in a consistent manner, your pet will be more than ready to follow them.

  • The “Sit” command is used when the dog jumps up, which is then followed by the appropriate praise when it is obeyed.
  • The “Off” command is stronger than the “sit” order, thus, its application when the Jack Russell continues to jump up on people.  Basically, you kneel down, say “off” when the dog starts to jump up on you and then reward when the command is followed and ignore when disobeyed.

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Ultimately, your efforts in Jack Russell jumping training will bear fruit.  The small children and frail adults in the house can be protected from such an affectionate-slash-aggressive behaviour and your pet will be happier, too.

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Jack Russell Care

Jack Russell CareFor the first-time owner of a Jack Russell, care for the dog can be overwhelming, to say the least.  Its hyperactive nature requiring high levels of mental stimulation and physical exercise, which can often be translated into aggressive behaviour when not sufficiently attended to, is balanced by its lively, loyal and affectionate characteristics.  Indeed, owners should learn to balance between loving care for man’s best friend and an authoritative hand for a dominant dog breed.

Fortunately, the Jack Russell terrier is one of the dog breeds with lesser number of complaints about serious health problems.  When coupled with its innate intelligence, the Jack Russell is an ideal breed for many types of people.

We must emphasize, however, that a Jack Russell demands a more authoritative human disposition, a household without small children and other animals especially dogs and cats around, and a yard with plenty of room to play.  Keep in mind that Jack Russells have the tendency to become aggressive toward humans and animals, thus, the precautions against ownership for certain households.


The first thing to remember about Jack Russell care is to familiarize yourself with the dog.  We are talking about your pet’s daily habits, behaviours in certain situations, temperament, likes and dislikes.  In short, you are trying to determine the personality of your dog.

In this way, two things can be accomplished.  First, proper actions can be made during training for aggressive or improper behaviour like excessive barking, biting and jumping.  Second, health problems can easily be spotted since the normal habits, behaviours and temperament of the dog has been established.

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The Jack Russell’s coat is easy to care for because of its short length. Just brush it every other day with a soft comb and brush to remove the tangles and, thus, maintain the coat’s shine.

Bathes must also be provided every 1-3 months but never more than once a month since it can dry out the dog’s skin – unless, of course, it has been recommended by the veterinarian for health purposes.  The first sign that the dog needs a thorough bath is when the coat takes on a yellowish hue.

One of the important things involved with Jack Russell care are the nails, which should also be trimmed to avoid accidents.  This can be done once a month with a dog nail clipper at home or when professional grooming services are hired.


After grooming, Jack Russells require plenty of physical and mental stimulation.  Take note that Jack Russells are working dogs, thus, their innate need for physical movement and mental stimuli to be at their happiest.  In fact, most Jack Russells will require plenty of space for their exercise instead of the small space provided by apartments and condominium units.

The exercise can range from simple runs in the park to agility exercises in an obstacle course.  The important thing is to provide sufficient exercise and play time to let the Jack Russell burn off energy.


Like other dog breeds, Jack Russell care also involves providing opportunities for socialization with other dogs and humans.  In fact, aggressive behaviour like barking and biting are most commonly the result of insufficient or absent socialization opportunities so much so that Jack Russells are often mistaken to be extremely destructive despite their small size.

As for small children, well-trained Jack Russells are friendly toward them.  However, experts recommend that children must be taught not to make any aggressive actions, be it intentional or unintentional, toward a Jack Russell.  Many dog experts even suggest not having a Jack Russell for a pet when there are small children in the house although it can be on a case to case basis.

Medical Care

Yet another important aspect of Jack Russell care is the medical check-up.  Regular vaccinations and medical check-ups are necessary to keep your pet healthy.  It also pays to perform home examinations on the dog and watch out for changes in behaviour, which will help to spot health problems as early as possible.

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Of course, training is part of proper Jack Russell care, which is true for other dig breeds as well but more so with this energetic breed.  Good training can be achieved either through home instruction or through obedience classes or both.

Indeed, caring for a Jack Russell terrier can be rewarding if and when you know the proper tips, tricks and techniques.  Start today and soon, the rewards of having a Jack Russell can be yours to enjoy.

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Jack Russell Puppy Training

Jack Russell Puppy TrainingMany inexperienced and even experienced dog trainers have given up on Jack Russell puppy training because of the breed’s innate hyperactivity, stubbornness and aggressiveness.  These traits are to be expected in Jack Russell puppies precisely because these terriers were bred as working dogs and, thus, must possess these characteristics.  Keep in mind that it is hyperactive, stubborn and aggressive behaviour of the Jack Russells that greatly assisted their masters in flushing out the “prey” in fox hunts.

Still, it is very important to train a Jack Russell puppy as soon as it arrives in the home.  But take note that Jack Russells must never be taken home from the breeder or the pet shop before reaching 8 weeks of age especially when you have small children in the house.  The aggressive behaviours of biting, barking and growling may still be strong particularly when the puppies are suffering from separation anxiety from their parents.

Be the Alpha Dog

First and foremost, Jack Russell puppy training demands that the alpha dog of the pack is identified, established and accepted.  Of course, the alpha dog in the man-dog relationship must be the human lest the dog runs roughshod over everybody else.  In fact, a strict hierarchy of this master-subject relationship, in a manner of speaking, must be established early on and then must also be applied every time.

To establish said human dominance, it helps to remember the following tips:

  • Never bring the puppy into your eye level and make contact with it.  Take note that being on the same physical level reinforces the impression that the dog is equal, maybe even dominant, than the human.
  • Avoid grabbing the puppy by its body particularly when it is misbehaving.  Instead, pick it up by the scruff of its neck, which is similar to how its mother would pick it up.

When you have established dominance during the first phase of the Jack Russell puppy training, the rest of the steps become easier to follow.

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Bed First

Before the puppy arrives at the home, its bed must be ready for occupancy.  You can choose to either place it inside a dog bed or outside in an outdoor kennel.  Either way, the purpose is to establish its own space, not intrude on human space such as the bedroom.

If possible, child guard rails must be installed to prevent the puppy from climbing up the stairs or jumping up on furniture.  Or you can always use the crate to create a snug space where the Jack Russell puppy can feel secure and protected.

Now, if you decide that as part of the Jack Russell puppy training the dog will sleep outside in a kennel, it makes sense to make the bed comfortable.  During the first few nights, barking and howling will emanate from the kennel but you must ignore it for the most part.  This is because providing the puppy with attention will make it associate bad behaviour with a reward – your attention, that is.

Bowel Movements

Then the toilet training part comes next.  There are many ways to achieve the purpose but we must emphasize that teaching a Jack Russell puppy the proper toilet manners can be harder than previously thought.  Take note that its first instinct is to relieve itself whenever and wherever, which means that patience, understanding and love are often required.

Knowing when a puppy needs to relieve itself becomes easier when you remember these tips:

  • Know the timing.  Most puppies will want to go approximately 30 minutes after play and exercise time.
  • Know the behaviour.  Puppies will demonstrate behaviour like sniffing and circling the ground, which gives away its intention to heed nature’s call.  Indeed, in Jack Russell puppy training, it is important to observe the dog for its habits, behaviours and temperament.
  • Give praise.  Puppies associate good behaviour with rewards.  Because dogs are pack animals, your puppy will want to please by adopting the habits that it is being praised for in a consistent basis.
  • Reprimand at the right time.  If your puppy relieves himself during the night on the carpet, it is useless to reprimand him in the morning.  Say “No” when the puppy is about to or is caught doing the act or has just finished the act of moving his bladder or bowels.

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And of course, there is also the matter of Jack Russell puppy training in terms of obedience.  Usually, this comes after the puppy has settled in and, thus, will be discussed in another article.

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Jack Russell Agility

Jack Russell AgilityBecause of the breed’s innate mental intelligence, physical stamina and unbridled enthusiasm, Jack Russell agility is well-known in the dog community.  In fact, impressive natural agility can be expected from Jack Russells as these dogs are working terriers requiring this specific physical characteristic to perform its job, which was traditionally to flush out foxes during hunts.

Still, it cannot be overemphasized that Jack Russells must be trained in order to achieve the level of agility for which the breed is known for.  Most Jack Russell terriers undergo formal agility and obedience training before being able to competently compete in agility trials.

Agility Competitions

As the name implies, agility trials are competitions where Jack Russells and other types of terriers prove their agility in terms of speed, accuracy and other criteria set by an association.  The dogs must traverse a maze of obstacles filled with tires, tunnels, A-frames, dog walks, see-saws, poles and other hurdles with their masters calling the directions.  Each run through the maze is a measurement of the hours poured into attaining the level of Jack Russell agility exhibited during the trials.

These competitions are very popular for many reasons.  The fast pace through the challenging obstacle course, the teamwork demonstrated by human and dog as well as the contagious enthusiasm of the terriers all combine to make the sport as popular today as it was many years ago.

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Also, Jack Russell agility trials are distinguished by on-lead agility, which is not present in other agility competitions.  It is designed so as to introduce both human and dog to the sport particularly the competitors who have had little to no opportunity to practice on the appropriate agility equipment.  Competitors can choose to enter either the novice or the advanced levels, the scores of which are partly based on leash pulls and tight leads made by the owner.

Agility Training Tips

Before even considering competing in a Jack Russell agility competition, we strongly suggest training the dog for at least a few months.  In this way, there is a greater chance of success, which will boost the confidence of man and animal in subsequent competitions.  Keep in mind that these agility events are very competitive because of the degree of difficulty involved from the training to the actual contest.

Here then, are a few tips that can help a new owner train the Jack Russell for agility competitions:

  • Flat buckle collars, not choke and slip collars, are suitable for agility training.
  • Keep the training sessions as short as practicable under the circumstances. Despite the breed’s hyperactive nature, too long training sessions can quickly bore them. It also helps to end each training session on a high note of success so as to encourage the dog to continue tomorrow.
  • Play and training is a great combination for both man and dog. It will not seem like work for the terrier at all and, thus, provide more motivation.
  • Consistent commands for each part of the obstacle must be used.

Most important, you should never ever push for the completion of the Jack Russell agility course.  If your dog wants to stop, then stop instead of pulling on the leash.  This way, the development of aggressive behaviour can be avoided especially as Jack Russells will not tolerate any abusive behaviour and, thus, will fight back.

We also strongly suggest training the Jack Russell on a local agility centre.  It will then be possible to practice on updated equipment with the added benefit of other dogs and people gathered.  Take note that the terrier must be able to perform well even when there are distractions around.

Agility Training Commands

When starting on the Jack Russell agility training, the most basic commands to master for both man and animal are the following:

  • Sit – To sit down
  • Stay – To stay on the spot until released from the command
  • Wait – To wait beside the owner and to adopt a relaxed posture
  • Close or Heel – To remain by the alpha dog’s side
  • This way – To follow the master in changing directions
  • Steady – To slow down on the pace

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Without obedience of these commands, Jack Russell agility training cannot successfully proceed.  Advanced commands like “Over” and “Though” build on these basic commands.

The great thing about agility in Jack Russells is in its threefold purpose.  It provides for physical exercise, offers opportunities for socialization and builds on the mental intelligence of the dog.

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Jack Russell Health

Jack Russell HealthOne of the best things about Jack Russell health is that the breed presents a lesser number of serious health problems in comparison with other dogs.  It must be because the breed was developed to be a working terrier and, thus, physical health was very critical in its development over the last 200 years of its existence.

This does not mean, however, that minor and major health problems are not part of the Jack Russell’s life.  Every dog is subject to health issues ranging from skin diseases to cancers in various parts of the body and Jack Russell terriers are no exceptions.  Here then, are the things that should be known about the health issues and the ways to protect the health of your beloved Jack Russell.

Potential Health Issues

The level of health care provided by both the owner and the veterinarian plays a significant role in the prevention of the development of the following potential health issues.  We must emphasize that sensible prevention is much better than expensive treatments but if the illness cannot be helped, as is the case with hereditary disorders, then the most important thing in Jack Russell health is to ensure that appropriate treatment is provided.

  • Allergies are usually caused by dog food, fleas and certain dog-toxic substances like poison ivy, chocolate and paint thinner.  Keep in mind that allergies can lead to infections and then death so it is best to seek veterinary attention for the Jack Russell as soon as possible.
  • Infections can happen just about anywhere on a dog.  Skin, bones and internal organs are all susceptible to infections coming from bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms.
  • Diabetes, obesity and arthritis are also common in many older Jack Russells, which are most often the result of a combination of age, unhealthy diet and insufficient exercise.  In many ways, Jack Russell health problems mirror those found in humans.
  • Cataracts may attack any Jack Russell.  The eye disease is characterized by the crushed ice appearance of the eyes, this condition can be caused in a number of ways including things such as sharp objects and events like car hits as well as through heredity.  Of a more disturbing matter is the development of lens luxation that can cause sudden blindness and extreme pain in Jack Russells when left untreated.
  • Cryptorchidism refers to the presence of one (unilateral) or two (bilateral) testicles that have not fully descended.  Fertility is highly affected.

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Other possible disorders and diseases include Legg-Calve Perthes (femoral head’s partial disintegration), ataxia (muscle disorder leading to uncoordinated gait) and myasthenia gravis (affliction of the motor nerves causing weak hindquarters).  Indeed, taking care of Jack Russell health issues requires a lifetime commitment.

Proven Methods for Caring

The first thing to do when bringing home a Jack Russell is to ensure full vaccination.  Ask the breeder or the pet shop staff about the vaccines already provided to the puppy and then work out a vaccination schedule with the veterinarian.  Basically, the vaccination schedule should look like this:

  • At 6-8 weeks, vaccines for distemper, tracheobronchitis, parvovirus, hepatitis, leptospirosis are given.
  • At 10-12 weeks, second vaccinations plus Lymne’s disease and rabies.  While Lyme’s disease may be optional depending on the area, rabies is required by the law.
  • At 14-16 weeks, third vaccinations for every vaccine provided at 6-8 weeks and at 10-12 weeks as well as second vaccinations for Lyme’s disease and rabies.

After these almost rapid-fire rounds of vaccinations, yearly schedules can then be set.  Again, you must work with the veterinarian to ensure that your Jack Russell is provided with vaccines as the need arises.  Additionally, always make sure that your pet has reliable veterinary care the whole year-round.

A balanced diet is also an integral part of Jack Russell health since the right kinds of food provided in the right amounts and at the right time provide for the macro and micronutrients necessary for proper functioning.  We recommend providing for dog food formulated for the right age instead of giving food scraps, fruits and vegetables and other potentially dog-toxic human foods.

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We cannot overemphasize the importance of exercise in good health for a Jack Russell.  Jack Russell’s require high levels of physical exercise and mental stimulation because of their innate lively, frisky and intelligent nature.

Add in regular and proper grooming and you have ensured Jack Russell health in every way possible.  Even when old age and, consequently, diseases strike your pet, its good health in youth will hold it up in good stead.

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Jack Russell Tips

Jack Russell TipsMost Jack Russell terriers will have a lifespan of 12 to 13 years with a few living to the ripe old age of 20.  Thus, owners will be able to pick up and pass on plenty of Jack Russell tips for the breed’s proper care, be it for veterinary care, for grooming care or for training purposes.  These tips will prove valuable when dealing with the myriad of problems that will arise with the ownership of a Jack Russell, problems ranging from aggressive behaviour like excessive barking, growling and howling to health issues like diabetes, arthritis and other infections.

Tips on Food

We strongly suggest purchasing the right kind of dog food for your Jack Russell.  Ask the veterinarian or the pet shop owner for recommendations since dog foods are often categorized according to age level, breed and special dietary needs, and specific brands vary from country to country.

It is also possible to choose the right dog food on your own simply by reading the labels on the dog food package.  First of the Jack Russell tips where dog food is concerned is to look at the list of meats, with the general rule being the more types of meat, the better for the dog.  Beware, however, of the word “meal” listed after the name of the meat – say, turkey meal – as it can mean that the dog food is a combination of meat plus other ingredients like hair and bones.  Opt for the all-meat dog food even if it is more expensive.

When feeding your Jack Russell, make sure that the amount is in the right quantities and given at regular intervals of 3-4 meals a day only.  Overfeeding can result in many health problems like bad digestion, lethargy and obesity.

Of course, it is important to give the dog plenty of water.  This way, dehydration especially after strenuous activities will not be a problem, not to mention that it can lead to dry skin and dull coat.

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Tips on Exercise

Jack Russell tips for exercise emphasize one common thing – it must be provided on a daily basis with plenty of socialization opportunities thrown in. Keep in mind that Jack Russells are highly intelligent and active dogs that require plenty of exercise in order to avoid behavioural problems like aggressive biting, barking and growling.

The exercise can include simple walks in the neighbourhood, excursions to the park and playing Frisbee in the backyard.  It is also a good idea to let a Jack Russell engage in agility trials even when the main purpose is to provide physical and mental stimulation, not compete in agility contests.

Tips on Grooming

Depending on the type of coat, the Jack Russell tips in regard to grooming vary.  While short-haired Jack Russells require coat combing at least once a week, a rough-coated dog needs more frequent combing in addition to plucking the excess hairs.  Combing not only keeps the coat shiny but it also keeps the dirt, dust and grime off the skin and, thus, prevent infections.

Bathes should be administered quickly, say, 15 minutes each time, even if it means washing just one part of the dog.  The regularity of the dog baths depend on the activities undertaken although a bath every 1 to 3 months is recommended.  Also, be sure to use dog shampoo as this is especially formulated for dogs only.

Tips on Veterinary Care

Yet another of the most important Jack Russell tips is to provide for regular veterinary check-ups.  These visits are important to ensure that the vaccines are up-to-date, that health problems are diagnosed early on and that appropriate treatments are provided immediately.

Ask the veterinarian about spaying and neutering for their health benefits.  Take note that breeding Jack Russells, even when it is unintentional, is fraught with risks so much so that only professional breeders have the expertise and equipment to successfully do so.

Tips in Training

In addition, of course, let’s not forget the Jack Russell tips on training.  The most important of these tips is to practice consistency, apply positive reinforcement and become the alpha dog in the pack.  No matter the types of training – clicker, leach and obedience – these three principles apply.

Training must begin as early as possible preferably after the puppy arrives home.  It should include toilet training, which will definitely be a boon to your house’s cleanliness.

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With these Jack Russell tips, you now have a better idea of how to take care of your pet.  Search the Internet for more answers to your questions and you will definitely find it.

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Jack Russell Grooming

Jack Russell GroomingWe must emphasize that proper Jack Russell grooming is necessary for many reasons.  For one thing, proper grooming of the coat, nails and other parts of the body is essential in the prevention of infections. As in humans, cleanliness ensures that harmful bacteria, viruses and germs are kept at bay.

For another thing, dog competitions are very strict when it comes to the appearance of the canine.  In fact, a properly groomed dog immediately attracts the attention of the judges before the agility level does in these competitions.  Besides, every day is an opportunity to show off your Jack Russell’s healthy coat, trimmed nails and clean body.
Combing the Coat

The main purpose of Jack Russell grooming when it comes to combing the coat is to attain the ideal look – hard, dense and lying close to the body as well as being smooth without looking sparse. This look is necessary not just for show purposes but for protection against the natural elements and the prevention of potentially harmful undergrowth.

The ideal look can also be achieved by plucking, which is done with the use of a stripping knife.  Just hold the stripping knife in the right hand, take a few hairs between the knife and the thumb and then tugging the hairs with a sharp pull.  Jack Russells will need getting used to the process so perform it for a few minutes at a time only.

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Daily grooming for a rough-coated or broken-coated Jack Russell is different, however.  The coat should be combed thoroughly with a slicker brush, which should remove the dirt and loose hair, the brush should then be followed by an electric clipper.  The second process is meant to keep the dog’s coat at the appropriate length, not to mention that older Jack Russells like this more than plucking and stripping.

Trimming Toenails

Yet another important aspect of Jack Russell grooming is clipping the toenails, which is to the best interest of both dog and humans.  Accidents can happen when nails are on the long side such as scratching on the skin and coat as well as on floors and furniture.

When clipping the toenails, remember to cut only until the small white dot seen in the nail’s center.  If a red dot appears, stop at this point as it is the blood supply to the nail – or what we call the “quick”.  Bleeding can result from cutting to the quick that can, fortunately, be abated with nail clotting powder or corn starch.  The toenails should then be rounded off and the long hairs between the feet trimmed off with the use of small sharp scissors.

Bathing the Body

Of course, bathes are essential parts of Jack Russell grooming.  We recommend bathing the dog once every 1 to 3 months depending on the dirt, dust and grime present in the body.  Ask the veterinarian, too, since Jack Russells also have special needs in bathing.

A few tips in bathing the Jack Russell include the following:

  • Only bathe the dog after stripping if and only if the coat and skin still remain covered in dirt, dust and grime.  The emphasis is on “after stripping” as bathing before stripping results in a softer coat and curlier hair, thus, defeating the purpose of combing the coat as previously discussed.
  • Avoid using hair dryers in drying the coat as the heat can make the Jack Russell look fluffy, which is not how the breed is designed to look.  Instead, the dog must be “rugged” with a dry towel so that the coat will lie as flat as possible once dry.

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Taking Care of Teeth, Eyes and Ears

Don’t forget to take care of the teeth, eyes and ears in Jack Russell grooming either.  Many diseases have arisen from negligence of these areas of the body, of which the following tips should help in avoiding such health issues:

  • Check the dog’s ears twice a month to make sure that there are no foul odours.  The skin should be pinkish in colour with no scabs and scars from flea bites.
  • Teeth should be brushed regularly in addition to teething toys and professional dental care.
  • Regularly check the eyes for signs of infection like watery discharges.

Indeed, Jack Russell grooming can be easy to do just as long as you know the right tips, tricks and techniques and use the right equipment for the purpose.

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